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created: 07/31/07; revised 10/22/08

CHAPTER 20 — The Random Class

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Programs frequently need random numbers. A card game uses random numbers to create a shuffled deck of cards. A dice game uses random numbers to simulate a throw. Many activities in the real world (such as traffic on a highway system) appear to be random, and a program that models them uses random numbers. This chapter discusses the Random class that comes with Java.

The chapter discusses:

Random numbers, probability, and statistics are important for testing, for modeling the world, and for general understanding of the universe. Computer science degree programs usually require a course in these subjects.

QUESTION 1:

What number is most likely outcome for a throw of a fair die?